God of my righteousness — or, “my righteous God, as my holy hill” (Psalm 2:6), who will act towards me on righteous principles. The prayer indicates confidence in the power and the unchangeableness of God, and proves that it is right in our prayers to recall the former instances of the divine interposition, as an argument, or as a ground of hope that God would again interpose. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress — Delivered me from my former straits and troubles, temporal and spiritual, which makes me hope thou wilt still take pity upon me, and grant the humble petition which I present unto thee. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/psalms-4.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. O God of my righteousness; either the witness and defender of my righteous cause; or from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of my cause which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me and my cause with manifold injuries and calumnies. 1909-1922. In the last clause of the verse, he also shows whence he expected to obtain what he needed, namely, from the mercy of God. Grammatically, this is inadmissible, for in such cases the vau relat. '" It is the evil genius of humanity that very frequently throughout their history they have, "Changed the truth of God for a lie and have worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. 4:1 Notice the imperatives used to implore God. In the Hebrew, it is neginoth, supposed by some to be a musical instrument, with which this psalm was to be sung. So he urgeth God and strengtheneth his own faith with his former experiences. Thus, in Psalm 2:6, “hill of my holiness,” meaning “my holy hill;” Psalm 3:4, “his hill of holiness,” meaning “his holy hill.” The psalmist here appeals to God as “his” God - the God in whom he trusted; and as a “righteous” God - a God who would do that which was right, and on whom, therefore, he might rely as one who would protect his own people. The privilege of the godly, and his faith in God, Psalms 4:3. Thou hast enlarged me… in distress—Thou hast brought me into a roomy place when straitened. He reproves the wicked, Psalm 4:2. Praise Him! 1765. 1. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". That is, Pity me, and have compassion on me, as thou hast done in former times. Have mercy upon me; thou mayst justly destroy me for my many and great sins, and therefore I flee from thy justice to thy mercy, on which all my hopes are grounded. Thou hast enlarged.—Better, in my straitness Thou (or, Thou who) hast made room for me. Psalm 1 is the first psalm of the Book of Psalms, beginning in the English King James Version: "Blessed is the man".The Book of Psalms is part of the third section of the Hebrew Bible, and a book of the Christian Old Testament.In Latin, this psalm is known as Beatus vir or Beatus vir, qui non abiit.. thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; when he had like to have been killed by Saul casting a javelin at him; and when his house was watched by men that Saul set there, and he was let down through a window and escaped; and when he was shut in at Keilah, where Saul thought he had him safe; and at other times, to which he may here refer, as in Psalm 18:19; and this may be applied to the Messiah, when in the garden, beset with sorrows, and an angel strengthened him; and when on the cross, surrounded by various enemies, whom he conquered; and when in death and the grave, from the pains and cords of which he was loosed, and set in a large place. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". John Trapp Complete Commentary. Chrysostom is credited with having said that if he had the privilege of preaching to all mankind at one time and that he could speak only once that it would be from this text. Psalm 4:4. O God of my righteousness - That is, O my righteous God. On Neginoth, that is, stringed instruments, as the kind of musical accompaniment. It is the righteous God Who has accepted him as righteous through forgiveness, and enables him to walk in righteousness. Jesus said, "Come to me, all you that work hard. In this he supplies a rule for every prayer in like extremities. It is said of Charles V, that he spent more words with God than with men. The idea of the expansion of the breathing (of the stream of air) and of space is attached to the ח , Arab. Psalm 4:2 Or seek lies; Psalm 4:2 The Hebrew has Selah (a word of uncertain meaning) here and at the end of verse 4. "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". David really had rather have God’s love and favour than all this world’s good; and therefore so heartily beggeth it above anything. Copyright StatementThe Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition. Give me relief from my distress; have mercy on me and hear my prayer." The word “hear” in such cases is always used in the sense of “listen to,” “hear favorably,” or “attend to;” hence, in the literal sense it is always true that God “hears” all that is said. To the choirmaster: with stringed instruments. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". And this agrees also with the experience of the saints; who, when in distress through sin, Satan, and the law, have been set free, through the Gospel proclaiming liberty to the captives to such enemies; and the opening of the prison to them that have been bound by them: and when they have been so shut up and straitened in themselves, that they could not come forth in the discharge of duty, and in the exercise of grace; through the Spirit of the Lord, who is a spirit of liberty, they have been enlarged in the duty of prayer and of praise, and in the exercise of faith and love; and their hearts have been enlarged through the discoveries of the love of God towards them, so that they have run cheerfully in the ways of his commandments; who also gives them largeness of heart, an increase of the knowledge of Christ, and of the love of God, and tills them with joy and peace in believing, and draws out the desires of their souls to his name, and the remembrance of him; have mercy upon me: the psalmist pleads no merit nor worthiness of his own, but applies to the grace and mercy of God; and sensible of his sin, both original and actual, he entreats a discovery of pardoning grace and mercy. (Challoner) --- Lamnetseach, from nitseach, "to push to an end," may signify (Haydock) to the end; and this sense is more noble than (Berthier) "To the precentor, or president." Thou hast enlarged me, i.e. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/psalms-4.html. On Neginoth; or, on stringed instruments, as this word is translated, Habakkuk 3:19; for the Hebrew verb niggen, whence this is derived, signifies to play with the hand upon an instrument, 1 Samuel 16:23 18:10. Unto the end. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. But is there not even a higher sense to be put upon this verse? It is used precisely in the same way, for example, in Psalms 24:5, "The God of his salvation,"=his salvation-God. ), for the perf . thou hast enlarged — expresses relief afforded in opposition to “distress,” which is expressed by a word denoting straits or pressure. To the chief Musician] Or, To the most excellent music master, 1 Chronicles 25:1-2, to the chief chanter, Asaph, was this, and some other psalms, committed, that they might be sung in the best manner, and with greatest care. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. Man's happiness is in God's favour. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". A Psalm of David. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". Surely because he looked upon the favour of God as a complexive blessing, that perfectly comprehendeth all the rest; as manna is said to have had all good tastes in it. ‘Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. 'Tis true there are many who take these titles in different senses; but I cannot find one ancient interpreter who doubts of their authority; whence we conclude," says he, "that though the titles as well as the other texts may have different interpretations as well as various readings, yet those which are agreed to have been in the original books, were never called in question by any divine of antiquity." Though its context is unclear, 3 clearly it is a psalm of confidence and trust in the LORD. 1832. Psalm 4 1 Psalm 4 For the director of music. 1871-8. Of course, they also dishonor, not merely themselves, but their God also. This is a common mode of expression in Hebrew. Lord, saith Nazianzen, I am an instrument for thee to touch. The writer, praying for further relief, admonishes his enemies of the vanity of attacking God‘s servant, exhorts them to repentance, and avows his confidence and peace in God‘s favor. This is a thought very common in the Psalter, and apparently was a favourite phrase of Davidâs, occurring in Psalm 18:19 (comp. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". BibliographyCalvin, John. (FOR THE CHIEF MUSICIAN; ON STRINGED INSTRUMENTS. "Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness; Thou hast set me at large when I was in distress: O ye sons of men, how long shall my glory be turned into dishonor? Ps 72:11,17-19 Ps 86:9 Isa 24:16 42:10-12 49:13 59:19 Hab 2:14 Mal 1:11 Ro 15:9,10 Rev 11:15) Praise Him, Praise Him, — Jesus My Blessed Redeemer by Fanny Crosby. It is summed up in the question, âShall not the judge of all the earth do right?â The strength of the innocent in the face of calumny or oppression lies in the appeal to the eternal source of righteousness. He feels that the God who had done it in former troubles could do it again; and he asks him to repeat his mercy. If so, is not this Psalm, and indeed all the Psalms that are so addressed to the chief Musician, directed to Jesus? He now implores the same mercy again. 1859. Answer me when I call to you, my righteous God. An exhortation to duty, Psalm 4:4,5. Zeitschr . Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the New Bible Commentary. Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. But why doth David beg audience and mercy in general only, and not lay open to God his particular grievances? הרחבת is not precative (Böttch. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". What could be tighter than the grave! What indeed can be more grateful to the Lord, than, by thus acting faith upon what the Lord will give, to tell him what he hath before bestowed upon us? The chief musician; the master or director of the sacred musicians and music of the temple; of whom see 1 Chronicles 6:31 15:16,17 25:1,2 2 Chronicles 20:21 34:12,13. Psalm 23 is likely the most well-known psalm 1 of the Psalter — and the most well-known passage in the Bible. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". He appealed to God as the righteous One who had delivered him from former distress. Or, O God of my mercy; which title is given to God elsewhere, as Psalm 59:10,17; whereas this title, O God of my righteousness, is not given to God in any other place of Scripture. PSALMS RESOURCES Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals. The ungodly satisfied with earthly blessings, but the godly cannot be at rest without the favour of God, Psalms 4:6-8. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/psalms-4.html. And still more decidedly is this supposition rebutted by a comparison of our Psalm with Psalms 3:2-4, and especially Psalms 3:7. (Calmet) --- "To the chief of the singers on stringed instruments." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/psalms-4.html. 1 (To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David.) Gordon Churchyard. Alas! A psalm of David. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/psalms-4.html. » Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me [when I was] in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. Answer me when I call to you,my righteous God.Give me relief from my distress;h All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. Neginoth: stringed instruments mentioned in connection with Psalms 3; Psalms 5; Psalms 43; Psalms 54; Psalms 60; Psalms 66; Psalms 75, where it seems clear that the musical directions now appearing as titles of Psalms 4; Psalms 6; Psalms 54; Psalms 55; Psalms 61; Psalms 67; Psalms , 76, were anciently appended to the preceding Psalms. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". God is righteous in Himself, but He also does what is right for His children, namely, come to their rescue when they are in need (cf. This is a thought very common in the Psalter, and apparently was a favourite phrase of David’s, occurring in Psalms 18:19 (comp. Pop(ular) Song. Book One The Way of the Righteous and the Wicked - Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night. BibliographyHawker, Robert, D.D. God will surely be nearest unto his in their greatest straits; and because they have made him the God of their mountains, he will be the God of their valleys also. never fails; Ewald p. 554; Small Gr. We shall, hereafter meet with many passages similar to this, where David, in order to give energy to his faith against terrors and dangers, (51) brings together the many experiences from which he had learned that God is always present with his own people and will never disappoint their desires. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Hear me, when I call, O God, &c.— Or, Answer me, &c. O God of my righteousness! Psalm 4:1. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". Or as St. Jerome renders it, victory to him that overcometh; which some understand of the chief musician; to whom they suppose the psalms, which bear that title, were given to be sung. David prayeth for audience, Psalm 4:1. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/psalms-4.html. of certainty with a precative colouring is confined to such exclamatory utterances as Job 21:16 (which see). Psa. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/psalms-4.html. This psalm is thought to have been composed by David upon the same occasion with the former. There are multitudes who expect the blessings of God as confidently as if they had prayed for them most fervently; and yet such people pray not at all! Who that has felt the assurance that God has heard his prayer in former times, and has delivered him from trouble, will not go to him with the more confident assurance that he will hear him again? O God of my righteousness; either the witness and defender of my righteous cause; or from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of my cause which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me and my cause with manifold injuries and calumnies. how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Surely we should all speak the more boldly to men if we had more constant converse with God. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/psalms-4.html. 1685. ‘O God of my righteousness.’ The righteous God is the source of his vindication, and its upholder. Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! Those familiar with the KJV on this verse might be puzzled by the word leasing which appears here instead of falsehood. The appeal to God as a righteous God implies a conviction in the mind of the psalmist of the justice of his cause; and he asks God merely to do "right" in the case. When he was “pressed” or “confined,” and knew not how to escape, God had interposed and had given him room, so that he felt free. (a) Among those who were appointed to sing the psalms and to play on instruments, one was appointed chief to set the tune, and to begin: who had the charge because he was most excellent and he began this psalm on the instrument called Neginoth or in a tune so called. He did not boast of his own righteousness except in reference to his enemies, from whose calumnies he vindicated himself. 1854-1889. Even the heathen have said there is no better stage for virtue than a man’s own conscience. 1 Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I … A psalm of David. This God of righteousness David believingly calls his God (cf. He who dares to face his Maker will not tremble before the sons of men. Words in boxes are from the Bible. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". This Psalms opens with prayer, then an address showing the folly, as well as danger, of pursuing vanity; the close of the Psalm determines that the happiness of man must be alone found in the favor of God. 2012. (b) You who are the defender of my just cause. It means, Thou art the author, the witness, the maintainer, the judge, and the rewarder of my righteousness; to thee I appeal from the calumnies and harsh judgments of men. Psa. And this cruel and unjust treatment which David met with, ought to be carefully marked. The psalm is a prayer for help. DD. 2. be gracious to me — BDB 335, KB 334, Qal imperative, cf. That is, Pity me, and have compassion on me, as thou hast done in former times. Have mercy upon me; thou mayst justly destroy me for my many and great sins, and therefore I flee from thy justice to thy mercy, on which all my hopes are grounded. Thus, in Psalm 2:6, "hill of my holiness," meaning "my holy hill;" Psalm 3:4, "his hill of holiness," meaning "his holy hill." And so this and other words in Hebrew and Greek, which properly signify righteousness, are oft used for mercy or kindness, as Isaiah 58:8 Psalm 31:1 36:10 2 Corinthians 9:9, and in many other places. But if there be any foundation for the idea, surely it is an interesting one, to take with us in our searching for him through the whole book of Psalms, from whence we know, as well as other parts of scripture, the Lord Jesus spake to his disciples concerning himself. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". Now he prays for continued mercy to be shown to him, in response to his praying. Concerning the musical instruments mentioned in several of these titles, that it is certain the Hebrews used in their sacred solemnities such as were either played upon by the breath, as the trumpet; or by striking, as the cymbal; or those which consisted of strings, which, from being touched or struck, were called Neginoth, and concerning some of which we shall have occasion to speak hereafter: though, for ourselves, we ingenuously own with Bishop Bossuet, that as these things are little necessary, so we are far from being certain or very solicitous about them. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. The Psalmist indicates that he expected help, not on account of any partial predilection entertained for him by God, but from his God being the Righteous One, who could not but afford aid to His righteous cause. Stand in awe — Hebrew, רגזו, rigzu, Tremble, therefore, and be afraid, if not of me, yet, at least, of God, who hath engaged himself in my cause, and will be an adversary to my adversaries. Some have thought that this Psalm was used in the temple service, and sung there. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/psalms-4.html. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress â, Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. ", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament, Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness, Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, "Thou hast relieved me," is a better translation of the Hebrew perfect tense than the NIV, "Give me relief. That this is not in vain, his previous experience assures him: Thou hast made a breadth (space) for me when in a strait. Psalm 30 7 Meaning; Psalm 31 Meaning; Psalm 32 Commentary; Psalm 33 Commentary. Genitive of relation or object. An experienced warrior and conqueror, David had been familiar with dangers and deliverances, and his faith is now encouraged from the past. Psalm 30 Commentary. And as he asks twice to be heard, in this there is expressed to us both the vehemence of his grief and the earnestness of his prayers. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/psalms-4.html. God does nothing by halves, and he will never cease to help us until we cease to need. This Psalm is, for the matter or substance of it, much like the former, and seems to have been made upon the same or some other like occasion, when he was distressed either by Absalom, or by Saul, or by some other great and powerful enemies. You have given me … "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". "God of my righteousness." BibliographyTrapp, John. You have a great deal to say to your hearts, they may … A figure taken from an army enclosed in a defile, and hardly pressed by the surrounding enemy. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/psalms-4.html. (Romans 1:25). This psalm is divided into two parts: Verses 1-12 constitute a call to all the earth to praise God for his mighty deeds of deliverance. Hear me when I call - When I pray. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/psalms-4.html. "Commentary on Psalms 4:1". Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 66 EXEGESIS: INTRODUCTION: This is a thanksgiving psalm. Thou hast enlarged.âBetter, in my straitness Thou (or, Thou who) hast made room for me. I ask the question, let the Reader remember; I do not determine it. “Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.” Now, you might wonder if this verse also serves as the petition. Psalm 4. (Psalm 113 Commentary - The Treasury of David) Psalm 113:3 From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same the Lord's NAME is to be praised. Or, O God of my mercy; which title is given to God elsewhere, as Psalms 59:10,17; whereas this title, O God of my righteousness, is not given to God in any other place of Scripture. The psalmist here appeals to God as "his" God - the God in whom he trusted; and as a "righteous" God - a God who would do that which was right, and on whom, therefore, he might rely as one who would protect his own people. Psalms 24:5; Psalms 59:11); for the righteousness he possesses, he possesses in Him, and the righteousness he looks for, he looks for in Him. He has been many times in a strait already, and God has made a broad place for him. (1) Hear me.—Better, In my crying hear me, God of my righteousness. Henry gave the meaning as, "God Himself is not merely a righteous God in his own right but He is also the author of my righteous disposition. “Answer me … be gracious to me … hear my prayer” says the psalmist (v. 1). The words may be rendered, "be gracious unto me"F9חנני "gratiosus esto mihi", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius. Hear me, when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. But that this still continued, is evident from the extra-ordinary agreement between the whole substance of this Psalm and that of the preceding one. Or, O my righteous God. If the prayer be thus read with an eye to Jesus, it becomes a blessed argument indeed. 2013. It is the opinion of the very learned Bishop of Meaux, that they were both given and preserved by divine interposition, that their arguments and the writers of them might be known: "Nor can there be any reason for expunging them, since they are found in the text and all the versions, and have been thought worthy of explanation by Jewish as well as Christian commentators. Note that the worshipper does not plead any merit or worthiness of his own but bases his petition upon the mercy of God. Hear me when I call - No man has a right to expect God to hear him if he do not call. He feels that the God who had done it in former troubles could do it again; and he asks him to repeat his mercy. To Jesus, it becomes a blessed argument indeed and important godly can not be at God ’ s ;. The ungodly satisfied with earthly blessings, but their God also Poole 's Annotations! In like extremities Poole 's English Annotations on the holy Bible godly can not be at rest without favour... 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Position, Psalms 25:17, source, and God has made a broad place for him by! Pett 's Commentary on Psalms 4:1 '' he who dares to face his Maker not.
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